Cuba becomes first nation to eliminate mother-to-baby HIV transmission
Cuba and other Carribean countries have increased accessibility to antiretroviral drugs in hopes that the next generation can be AIDS-free.
Syphillis and HIV testing during pregnancy, cesarean deliveries, and alternative breastfeeding methods have also reduced the risk of transmission.
Every year, an estimated 1.3 million women with HIV become pregnant, and there is a 15-45% chance their baby will test positive without treatment. If antiretrovirals are used, the risk drops to 1%.
The global HIV contraction rate is decreasing. According to UNaids data, 2.9 million needs cases emerged, while in 2013 that number has gone down to 2.1 million.
This is good news for creating an AIDS-free world, as the WHO reports that the number of babies born with HIV has decreased by half since 2009, to 240,000 in 2013.
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