Japan's Disposable Workers: Net Cafe Refugees is a short documentary by Shiho Fukada that follows the rise of the intenet cafe "refugees", underemployed Japanese who can't pay their rent and so have moved into cramped private booths that are just one step up from a storage locker. Makoto Kawazoe of the Young Contingent Workers Union informs us that "refugees" began flocking to cafes in the '90s but became a bigger problem in the aughts. He also notes that a staggering 38% of Japanese workers are "temporary". (Part-time work in the US is currently around 18.5%.)

And when they do find work, even more misery awaits. See Tadayuki Sakai, a middle aged internet cafe refugee who used to be a "salaryman" at a credit card company and previously lived out of his office in order to put in 120-200 hours of overtime per month. (In a five-day week, that comes out to as much as an 18 hour work day.)

He describes a sort of toruted existence of workplace abuse. "I could not tell if it was day or night," he says.