The CIA and the APA did special things to special people in special places
According to news report (PDF), released by health professionals and activists, the American Psychological Association (APA) has been linked to the Bush Administration and a conspiracy to provide justification for torture tactics regarding prisoners who were arrested during the post-9/11 War on Terror.
The three lead authors sounding the charge are Stephen Soldz, a clinical psychologist and professor at the Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, Steven Reisner, a clinical pyschologist and pyschoanalyst and founding member of the Coalition for an Ethical Psychology, and Nathaniel Raymond, Director of the Signal Program on Human Security and Technology at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. Reiser is also the he former director of the campaign against torture at Physicians for Human Rights.
The authors of the document started their own independent investigation in November 2014 prior to the APA leading their own internal inquiry into the alleged collusion between the APA and the Bush Administration and their involvement with post-911 interrogations made by the CIA and the Department of Defense. The purpose of the document is to encourage transparency in the mental health industry, and encourage accountability for health professionals who may have committed any violations regarding both the law and ethics. The report further states that the group’s actions with the Bush Administration were meant to keep psychologists in place, and to salvage the program after photos of prisoner abuse by military personal in Abu Ghraib, Iraq was publicly disclosed.
They did so by analyzing the content of emails from the accounts of deceased RAND Corporation researcher and CIA contractor Scott Gerwehr. Gerwehr's emails were obtained by James Risen, author of Pay Any Price and a reporter for The New York Times. The report also includes publicly available information obtained from sources such the APA's website, publicly released government documents, and reports in the media. 16 of 638 emails were selected on the grounds that they either contradicted past statements by APA officials, discolosed new information that the APA had concealed or provided evidence that the Bush Adminstration had a hand in shaping the APA's ethic policy regarding pyschcoligist participation in national security interrogations.
Based on this analysis of the Gerwehr emails, the authors reached the following conclusions regarding the APA:
The APA secretly coordinated with officials from the CIA, White Hous and the Department of Defense to create an APA ethics policy. This policy was then retrofitted to match with then-classified documents regarding the national security’s torture program.
The APA contacted contract CIA psychologists Drs. James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen as early as 2003 about interrogation techniques. Furthermore, the APA was aware of the clandestine role that the doctors played in the proceedings, despite denying making any contacts. Including this super spooky email from Dr. Kirk Hubbard, then-CIA Senior Behavior Scientist to Dr. Geoffrey Mumford, then-APA Director of Science Policy.
You won't get any feedback form [Dr. James] Mitchell or [Dr. Bruce] Jessen. They are doing special things to special people in special places, and generally are not available.
The APA did not disclose Dr. Mitchell's past APA membership after journalists discovered Mitchell's role in abusive interrogations.
In the four years of communication between the APA, the White House and CIA, not a single APA official seemed to be bothered by overwhelming evidence of pyschologist involvement in detainee abuse.